Saturday, February 8, 2020
Does Hand Hygiene Hompliance Increase among Staff Members Aware of a Population of Immuno-Compromised Patients - Essay Example This Challenge is an international reality: no clinic, no hospital, no health-care system, no health post and no dispensary can presently say that compliance with hand hygiene suggestions is not an issue. Ã¢â¬Å"WHO Guidelines for Hand Hygiene in Health Care prepared with the help of more than 100 international experts, are in the testing and implementation phases in different parts of the world. Pilot sites range from modern, high-technology hospitals in developed countries to remote dispensaries in resource-poor villagesÃ¢â¬ (World Alliance for Patient Safety: Who Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care (Advanced Draft); A Summary 2005, p. 5). In October 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the campaign for hand hygiene importance worldwide, with the theme Ã¢â¬Å"Clean Care Is Safer CareÃ¢â¬ (Patient Safety 2012) as part of the Hand Hygiene Health Care draft. This program has already caused many people and organizations to participate, the Ministries of Health from 124 countries agreed to collaborate to lower infection due to poor hand hygiene and support the efforts of WHO. (Allegranzi et al. 2009). Most pathogens transmitted by the hands of health care workers. (Doebbling et al. 1992). All patients on the department develop a side effect of theyÃ¢â¬â¢re treatment called neutropenic sepsis. Neutropenic sepsis is defined as drop in the white blood cell count, which are the bodies major defense against infections. As some research has found that as little as 47% compliance of hand hygiene in health care workers (Randle et al. 2010). Identification of Research Question/Objectives/Problem/Hypothesis: The research question to be focused on this paper is: Ã¢â¬Å"Does hand hygiene compliance increase among staff members aware of a population of immunocompromised patientsÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢? Selection and Rationale for the Research Methodology: There are Two Methods of Research: By definition quantitative research deals with quantities and relat ionshipsÃ between attributes; it involves the collection and analysis of highly structured data in the positivist tradition (Bowling 2002). Whereas qualitative research can be described as a study of people in there natural social settings and to collect naturally occurring data (Bowling 2002).Ã Ã Design Method Used: The researcher proposes to utilize the method of quasi experimental design , the method is, nevertheless, a very useful method for measuring socialÃ variables. (Parahoo 2006). The inherent weaknesses in the methodology do not undermine theÃ validityÃ of the data, as long as they are recognized and allowed for during the wholeÃ experimental process. Firm statistical analysis can be very difficult due to the lack of proper controls (Polit and Beck 2008). Quasi-experimental design includes choosing groups, upon which a variable is tested, with no any random pre-selection procedures. Ã¢â¬Å"For example, to perform an educational experiment, a class might be arbitrarily divided by alphabetical selection or by seating arrangement. The division is often convenient and, especially in an educational situation, causes as little disruption as possibleÃ¢â¬ (Quasi-Experimental Design 2008). Differences of Quasi Experiment and a True Experiment:
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Ethnic Differences in USA Essay The US is a diverse country racially and ethnically. The six recognized races are: white, American Indian and Alaska native, Asian, African American, native Hawaiian or other pacific islander, and a people of two or more races. Whites alone constitute 75% of the total population in the US according to the American Community Survey (ACS). Hispanic or Latino ethnicity of any race accounts for 15. 4% of the total. Other ethnic groups counted alone constitute the rest. These groups are African Americans (12. 4%), some other races (4. 9%), Asian (4. 4%), two or more races (2. 3%), American Indian or Alaska native (0. 8%) and native Hawaiian or other pacific islander (0. 14%). These figures add up to more than 100% because Hispanic and Latino Americans are distributed among all the races and also listed as an ethnicity category, resulting in a double count. Immigration to the US is what has made it into such a diverse country. The influx of immigrants in the last 100yrs has totally changed the racial/ethnic groupÃ¢â¬â¢s arithmetic. Look more:Ã ethnicity examples essay ItÃ¢â¬â¢s projected that by 2050, the whites will no longer be the majority. The relations among racial or/and ethnic groups have not always been calm. Segregation based on race has been rampant since colonial era. Racist altitudes, or prejudice, are still held by a substantial portion of the US population today. There exists today, both covert and overt discrimination against African American, Latin Americans and Muslims. The issues of treatments of certain races have sparked confrontations and even a war. The truth is that all races or/and ethnic groups have at some point in history faced discrimination including whites. Over time institutional discrimination has been overturned and theoretically any American cannot be refused employment, admission to a school because of his race. But as I have indicated above, there is still lingering prejudice against some minorities. There have been many suggestions on how to deal the problem of discrimination. Personally I think that lack of information is what informs prejudice and stereotyping. Therefore, education on other races and/or ethnic groups is important. The government should institute affirmative action to support marginalized groups and support dialogue among groups. I think the student post depicts separateness and alienation among races and ethnic groups. References OÃ¢â¬â¢Hare, W. , Pollard, K. (1999). AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Racial and Ethnic Minorities. Retrieved July 25, 2010, from http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_qa3761/is_199909/ai_n8872409/
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Huckleberry Finn Huckleberry Finn is a loveable timeless classic written by one of the great American authors, Mark Twain. A companion to the Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn offers fans a closer look into the life of Huck Finn. Although the novel has similar characters and settings, the theme and moral dilemmas are much stronger than those we saw in Tom Sawyer. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn holds a darker side that Tom Sawyer did. In this piece we see an abused Huck try to figure out where he belongs in the world. He sets off on a journey to see if he can find peace and happiness away from the bonds of society. He is tested many times and in the end Huck ends up back where he started and he gives into the social norms of his time. Huck is a good person, unfortunately society has many different views than him and this difference in opinions pushed Huck away from society. Although Huck has the right views on many things such as Jim, he can not stand up to the pressure of society at this young age. Mark Twain uses the native southern dialect once again to enhance the quality of the setting for his readers. His use of dialogue is frequent and allows the reader to forget that they are in fact reading rather than sitting in on someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s conversation. TwainsÃ¢â¬â¢ use of vivid detail and wit amuse and delight readers. Mark Twain used the novel Huckleberry Finn to express a personÃ¢â¬â¢s own perceptions in the regards to rejection from civilization. Twain also uses Huckleberry to portray how society might not always be the best way for a person to live, rather choosing their own beliefs and ideas to live by. For example, Huckleberry doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t see the use of money and is satisfied with life with out money. Therefore the life of a drifter suits him just fine. There are also many other themes carried out through out the novel.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Do you know what is science? Generally, science is a body that seeks to organize knowledge systematically and in a way that is testable and that allow the process of prediction. We are always finding new discoveries, and we are using more modern tools that are more accurate. If it is in right hands then it is a blessing to man otherwise it can make life miserable. Science has made our live easy and comfortable but on other hands it has also created some destructive instruments which give much power to man that's why we should teach science technically not formally. first we will consider its merits .Science is man's helpmate. In the field of health modern techniques of science are being introduced. Difficult surgical operation have become routine in the field of medicines. it is the science that has helped the blind to see,deaf to hear and lame to walk. Life has been quick,easy and luxurious with the invention of many types of machines i. e air conditioner,mixture,refrigerator etc. I nvention of car,aeroplane and rockets etc have shortened the distance. Atomic energy is another recent scientific achievement. Atomic reactors are producing cheaper source of power and energy.The computer and internet has brought great change in our life. In short science is the key of success. On the other hand science has some demerits also. science has provided us with fearful weapons of human destruction. Science has given us atom bomb and hydrogen bomb. These inventions have opened up with frightful possibilities of bacteriological warfare,all of which can wipe out entire nation in no time. Computer is the most wonderful invention but the misuse of computer is creating many problems like student waste their time in net cafe's and in playing video games. People are going away from healthy way of life.Children learn from their parents, siblings, other relatives as well as from teachers. They learn from movies, television, radio, magazines as well as from schoolbooks and the schoo l environment. Science teachers should exploit the rich resources of the larger community and involve parents and other concerned adults in useful ways. It is also important for teachers to recognize that some of what their students learn informally is wrong, incomplete, poorly understood, or misunderstood, but that formal education can help students to restructure that knowledge and acquire new knowledge.Looking at the two aspects of modern science,we conclude that science by itself is neither good nor bad. it is the will and intentions of man,which makes him,put it to constructive use or take it to the path of devil. Science is knowledge of observation and analyzing facts. There is nothing good or bad with science. It is like knife, which may be used to cut branches of trees or vegetables and at the same time could be used to cut the throat of a man. It is all to man how he uses it.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Introduction Bullying is a prominent issue among people of all ages. It has become a huge issue among children in schools. Bullying is a factor that can cause students to want to leave school or to become home schooled. The problem is, many students may not know they are being bullied, what a bully is or what they can do to handle it. In pre schools and elementary schools bullying is a topic that is seen everyday. From a students perspective Pre School and early elementary school is their first look in what Ã¢â¬Å"realÃ¢â¬ schooling is like and gives them a first impression about making friends and learning. Its important for teachers and staff to stop the bullying problems just as they begin to ensure that the bully wonÃ¢â¬â¢t continue bullying andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦30 children between the ages of four and six were interviewed at a preschool. They were asked questions like: What is a bully? The books were then read to the students, and following the reading, the students partic ipated in a quick interview and a visual likert scale to determine their overall feelings toward each book some questions that were asked included what did you think about this book? Was there a bully in this book? Every book was analyzed by two children and the researches recorded how often the students agreed on each question. The students were then given the initial questionnaire and results were noted in comparing the answers before the readings and after. All 30 students were able to identify what a bully is and give examples, this increased from the pre-interview by five students. All students had at least a Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ understanding of a bully, every student also gave two possible positive things to do if they are bullied Ã¢â¬â this increased by 13 students who previously said they would hurt them. Finally, all students even said they would speak up if they saw another student being bullied. Article 2: Small-Scale Bullying prevention discussion video for classrooms: Preliminary Evaluation (Todd Migliaccio and Juliana Raskauskas) Todd Migliaccio and Juliana Raskauskas conducted a study utilizing a video source to assist teachers in starting discussions on the topic of bullying. 81 students participated in this study; a survey was sent out 1 month before the
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Watson is a patronymic surname meaning son of Watt. The popular Middle English given names Wat and Watt were pet forms of the name Walter, meaning powerful ruler or ruler of the army, from the elements wald, meaning rule, and heri, meaning army. Watson is the 19th most common surname in Scotland and theÃ 76th most popular surname in the United States. Watson is also popular in England, coming in as the 44th most common surname. Surname Origin:Ã Scottish,Ã English Alternate Surname Spellings:Ã WATTIS, WATTS, WATTSON, WATSÃ See also WATT. Where Do People with the WATSON Surname Live The last name Watson is common in Scotland and the Border Country, according to WorldNames PublicProfiler, most especially the northeast English counties of Cumbria, Durham, and Northumberland and the Lowlands and East of Scotland, especially in the area around Aberdeen. Surname distribution data from Forebears concurs, placing the surname at the turn of the 20th century as most common in Aberdeenshire, Angus, Fife, Lanarkshire and Midlothian in Scotland, and Yorkshire, Lancashire, Durham, Northumberland, and Cumberland (a parent county of present-day Cumbria) in England. Famous People with the WATSON Surname John B. Watson: American psychologist, best known for his role in the development of behaviorismJames Watson: American molecular biologist and geneticist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNAJames Watt: Inventor of the modern steam engineEmma Watson: English actress and feminist advocate, best known for playing the role of Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter film franchiseTom Watson: American professional golfer Clan Watson The crest of Clan Watson is two hands coming from the clouds holding the trunk of a sprouting oak tree.Ã The Watson clan motto is Insperata floruit which means It has flourished beyond expectation. Sources Cottle, Basil. Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1967. Menk, Lars. A Dictionary of German Jewish Surnames. Bergenfield, NJ: Avotaynu, 2005. Beider, Alexander. A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames from Galicia.Ã Bergenfield, NJ:Ã Avotaynu, 2004. Hanks, Patrick, and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. Hanks, Patrick. Dictionary of American Family Names. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Hoffman, William F. Polish Surnames: Origins and Meanings.Ã Chicago:Ã Polish Genealogical Society, 1993. Rymut, Kazimierz. Nazwiska Polakow.Ã Wroclaw: Zaklad Narodowy im. Ossolinskich - Wydawnictwo, 1991. Smith, Elsdon C. American Surnames. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.
Friday, December 20, 2019
As the Step-Two decision maker for your grievance I spoke with you on Monday, March 21, 2016. I also spoke with Gary Hampton, Human Resource Manager; Patricia Nelson, Applicant Services Manager, Human Capital Management (HCM); Gene Gissandaner, Administrative Field Analyst; and Dustie Elkins, Administrative Assistant II; reviewed your grievance paperwork and the additional information you submitted to Mr. Hampton. The issue presented in your grievance comprised of your disagreement of Mr. HamptonÃ¢â¬â¢s assessment of your application submission for Child Welfare Specialist II (CWS II), H23B; announcement #151230-H23B-H36. Mr. Hampton determined your education and experience met the qualifications for the Child Welfare Specialist I (CWS I),Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦You will be notified once your application has been reviewed.Ã¢â¬ Human Resource Management (HRM) Employment Services Unit (ESU) is authorized by delegation agreement with HCM, to review and certify that a candidate meets the necessary job qualifications of a classification in the classified service for the purpose of allowing that candidate to be appointed to a position in that class. Your application for announcement #151230-H23B-H36, was reviewed on January 21, 2016, by ESU Specialist, Chelsea Hunnington. Ms. Hunnington determined your education and experience met qualifications for the CWS I. Your name was added to the internal applicant list as meeting qualifications for the CWS I, based upon the information provided in the duties section of the application and the indicated job title. Based upon the conversation with Mr. Gissandaner, he indicated, when you were hired as a temporary, you assisted with backlog for a brief time, however; he informed the District Director at the time, Cindy Bryson; you were not to perform CWS work as a temporary. Mr. Gissandaner also stated you were performing translation duties during this time as well however; those duties and the skill base pay were removed. According to the HCM job family descriptor for the CWS II, requirements at this level consist of a MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree; or a BachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree and one year of experience in professional social work. The HCM Qualification Standard defines Professional Social Work as the